The Continental Army of 1776

The Continental Line

On 4 November Congress approved the reorganization of the Main Army to consist of at least 20,000 men Organized into 26 standard infantry regiments and separate units of riflemen and artillery.

Each regiment was to be reduced from ten to eight companies. Each company was to have a captain, 2 lieutenants, an ensign, 4 sergeants, 4 corporals, a fifer, a drummer, and 76 privates. Each regiment would then have a total strength of 728 officers and men. Eight companies lent themselves to better tactical deployment than ten companies in linear warfare. The new organizations would have stronger companies than those of most of the existing regiments and would save money.

Washington implemented the reorganization of the Main Army on 1 January 1776. Each infantry regiment was assigned a numerical designation based on its Col.'s relative seniority

Connecticut Line

and other Connecticut Units

Pennsylvania Line Regiments

and other Pennsylvania Units

New Hampshire Line Regiments

Massachusetts Line Regiments

New York Line Regiments

Rhode Island Line Regiments

and Other Rhode Island Regiments

New Jersey Line Regiments

Delaware Line Regiments

;Maryland Line Regiments

Virginia Line Regiments

  • 1st Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Col. James Reed
    • ReOrganized Jan 1776 (see also 1775 & 1777)
  • 2d Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Col. William Woodford
    • ReOrganized Jan 1776 (see also 1775 & 1777)
  • 3d Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Hugh Mercer and George Weedon
  • 4th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Adam Stephen and Thomas Elliott
  • 5th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s William Peachy and Charles Scott
  • 6th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Mordecai Buckner
  • 7th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s William Dangerfield and William Crawford
  • 8th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Col. Peter Muhlenberg
  • 9th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Charles Fleming and Isaac Reed

North Carolina Line Regiments

South Carolina Line Regiments

Georgia Line Regiments

Additional Continental Regiments

Artillery Units

  • Virginia Artillery
    • Commanded by Col. Charles Harrison
  • Gridley's /Knox's Continental Artillery Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Richard Gridley and Henry Knox's ,
    • Renamed in autum of 1775 from Regiment of the Train of Artillery,
    • Expanded with the addition of Steven's Rhode Island Train of Artillery Jan. 1776,
    • Disbanded Jan. 1777
  • Pennsylvania State Artillery Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
  • Independent Battalion of Continental Artillery
    • Commanded by Col. Steven
  • Georgia Continental Artillery Companies
    • Commanded by Col. ?
  • South Carolina Artillery Regiment (aka 4th South Carolina Regiment)

Mounted Units Regiments

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