The Continental Army of 1777-1780

The Continental Army

On 16 September 1776, Congress adopted the plan known as the eighty-eight battalion resolve, it called for eighty-eight regiments

Organized according to the structure approved in 1776. Congress' estimates of the population of each state governed its allocation of regiments.

On December 22, 1776, Congress authorized an additional 16 regiments.

Unlike the September regiments, the "sixteen additional regiments," the artillery regiments, and the light horse were Organized directly by Continental authority rather than by the authority of the state governments and were placed completely under Washington's control.

1777 Connecticut Line

1778-1779 Connecticut Line

1777-1780 Delaware Line

1777-1780 Georgia Line

1777-1779 Maryland Line

  • 1st Maryland Regiment

    • Commanded by Col. John H. Stone
    • ReOrganized &amp
    • Redesignated Jan. 1777 from Smallwood's Maryland Battalion and4 independent companies
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
  • 2d Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Thomas Price
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
  • 3d Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Mordecai Gist; Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized Mar. 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
  • 4th Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Josias Hall; Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized Mar. 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
  • 5th Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. William Richardson; Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized Mar. 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
  • 6th Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Otho H. Williams; Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized Mar. 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
    • Disbanded Jan. 1781
  • 7th Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Gunby; Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized Mar. 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779; Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
    • Disbanded Jan. 1781
  • 8th Maryland Regiment (aka the German Battalion)
    • Commanded by Col. Nicholas Hussecker
    • ReOrganized from the German Battalion

      Disbanded Jan. 1781

1777-1779 Massachusetts Line

1777-1780 New Jersey Line

1777-1780 New Hampshire Line

1777-1780 New York Line

North Carolina Line, 10 Regiments

Pennsylvania Line

1777-1780 Rhode Island Line

1777-1780 South Carolina Line

1777 Virginia Line

Additional Regiments

Artillery Units

  • 1st Continental Artillery Regiment

    • Commanded by Col.
  • 2d Continental Artillery Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.
  • 3d Continental Artillery Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
  • 4th Continental Artillery Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Formed from Pennsylvania State Artillery Regiment
  • North Carolina Continental Artillery Co.

    • Commanded by Col. ?

Mounted Units

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