Continental Artillery Regiment

(aka Gridley's and Knox's Artillery Regiment)

  • Authorized on May 10, 1775 in the Massachusetts State Troops as the Regiment of the Train of Artillery.
  • Organized in late May and early June 1775 at Cambridge and Roxbury to consist of 10 companies with recruits from Suffolk, Middlesex, Worcester, Essex and Hampshire Counties.
  • Adopted on June 14, 1775 into the Continental Army, assigned to the Main Continental Army and redesignated as the Continental Artillery Regiment.
  • Reorganized in late June 1775 to consist of 11 companies.
  • Consolidated on January 1, 1776 with the Rhode Island Train of Artillery and consolidated unit redesignated as the Continental Artillery Regiment, an element of the Main Continental Army, to consist of 12 companies.
  • Disbanded on January 1, 1777 at Trenton, New Jersey, and Peekskill and Fort Ticonderoga, New York.

ENGAGEMENTS

Capt. Ebenezer Stevens' and Steven Badlam's Companies additionally served in the following:

The Regiment was formed on May 12, 1775 in Cambridge, Massachusetts after the Battles of Lexington and Concord of April 19.

The Regiment originated with its adoption to the main Continental Army on on June 14, 1775. Early on, it was authorized as the Regiment of the Train of Artillery in the Massachusetts State Troops under the command of Col. Richard Gridley. The regiment consisted of 11 companies with recruits from Suffolk, Middlesex, Worcester, Essex and Hampshire Counties.

By autumn of 1775, the Regiment was consolidated with the Rhode Island Train of Artillery which was made up of recruits from Providence County and designated as the Continental Artillery Regiment, an element of the Main Army, consisting twelve companies. As of November 22, 1775, the commander of the Regiment was Henry Knox, who at the time held the rank of Colonel.

It was disbanded on January 1, 1777 at Trenton, New Jersey and Peekskill and Fort Ticonderoga, New York when enlistment's expired. Many of those persuaded to re-enlist, went on to serve in the 2nd (Lamb's) and 3rd (Crane's) Continental Artillery, both of which had service through the end of the war.

Elements of the Regiment served in engagements at the Siege of Boston and New York City, the campaigns of Northern New Jersey, Battle of Trenton- Princeton, the Defense of Philadelphia and of Lake Champlain .

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