The 7th Pennsylvania Regiment

  • Authorized on January 4, 1776 in the Continental Army as the 6th Pennsylvania Battalion.
  • Organized between January 8- March 20, 1776 at Carlisle to consist of 8 companies from Cumberland and York Counties.
  • Assigned on February 27, 1776 to the Middle Department.
  • Relieved on March 14, 1776 from the Middle Department and assigned to the Main Continental Army.
  • Assigned on April 24, 1776 to Greene's Brigade, an element of the Main Army.
  • Relieved on April 27, 1776 from Green's Brigade and assigned to the Canadian Department.
  • Relieved on July 2, 1776 from the Canadian Department and assigned to the Northern Department.
  • Assigned on July 20, 1776 to St. Clair's Brigade, an element of the Northern Department.
  • Relieved on November 18, 1776 from St. Clair's Brigade.
  • Reorganized and redesignated on January 1, 1777 as the 7th Pennsylvania Regiment, to consist of 8 companies.
  • Relieved on February 8, 1777 from the Northern Department and assigned to the Main Continental Army.
  • Assigned on May 22, 1777 to the 1st Pennsylvania Brigade, an element of the Main Continental Army.
  • Reorganized on July 1, 1778 to consist of 9 companies.
  • Consolidated on January 17, 1781 with the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment.

ENGAGEMENTS

UNIT HISTORY

Originally, the 6th Pennsylvania Battalion, the 7th Pennsylvania was authorized on January 4, 1776. The regiment was raised in Cumberland and York counties (companies G and H).

On March 14, 1776, the 6th Pennsylvania Battalion was sent to New York City. It then reported to march with the army under Col. Arthur St. Clair and was involved at Three Rivers on June 9. The whole force retreated to Isle Aux Noix and then to Crown Point, reached on July 1. The 6th Pennsylvania was then posted there for the next three months and was involved in several brushes with the British.

On October 14, under pressure from the British rejoined the main force at Ticonderoga. There they remained until the 6th Pennsylvania was mustered out on March 15, 1777.

Re-designated the 7th Pennsylvania Regiment and with such a large number of re-enlisting veterans, the unit was ready for duty in a very short time. The 7th Pennsylvania fought at Middlebrook, New Jersey on June 17. The 7th Pennsylvania marched with Brig. Gen. Anthony Wayne and Washington south in August where they fought at Brandywine on September 11, 1777.

On September 20, the 7th Pennsylvania bore the brunt of the British assault at Paoli where half of the men present were either killed or wounded. Inspite of the the heavy loss of life at Paoli the Regiment fought on October 4, 1777 at Germantown.

Having suffered so many casualties, by November 1, the 7th Pennsylvania only had 17 officers and 105 men fit for duty. The 7th Pennsylvania was present at Whitemarsh but did not fight. They spent the winter at Valley Forge and fought at the battle of Monmoth on June 28, 1778. After this, the 7th Pennsylvania spent time in New York and New Jersey watching the British. Where it was involved in several minor battles and skirmishes.

In 1780, the 7th Pennsylvania was part of a force which defended against a Hessian attack on New Bridge, New Jersey on April 16, 1780 and then at Paramus. The 7th Pennsylvania was part of the force that attacked the blockhouse under Wayne at Bergen Heights on july 21, 1780. The Regiment then marched to Tappan to bolster the Garrison at Ticonderoga after Arnold's defection.

At Morristown, during the winter of 1780-81, the 7th Pennsylvania was involved in a mutiny with other Pennsylvania Regiments after which the unit was disbanded.

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