The 1st Rhode Island Regiment

  • Authorized on May 6, 1775 in the Rhode Island Army of Observation as Varnum's Regiment.
  • Organized on May 8, 1775 to consist of 8 companies from kings and Kent Counties.
  • Adopted on June 14, 1775 into the Continental Army.
  • Reorganized on June 28, 1775 to consist of 10 companies.
  • Assigned on July 22, 1775 to Greene's Brigade, an element of the Main Continental Army.
  • Reorganized and redesignated on January 1, 1776 as the 9th Continental Regiment, to consist of 8 companies.
  • Greene's Brigade redesignated on August 12, 1776 as Nixon's Brigade.
  • Nixon's Brigade redesignated on December 22, 1776 as Hitchcock's Brigade.
  • Reorganized and redesignated on January 1, 1777 as the 1st Rhode Island Regiment.
  • Relieved on January 13, 1777 form Hitchcock's Brigade.
  • Assigned on March 12, 1777 to the Highlands Department .
  • Assigned on July 10, 1777 to the Rhode Island Brigade, an element of the Highlands Department .
  • Rhode Island Brigade relieved on September 14, 1777 from the Highlands Department and assigned to the Main Continental Army.
  • Relieved on January 2, 1778 from the Rhode Island Brigade and assigned to the Eastern Department.
  • Reorganized in spring 1778 at Providence with negro enlisted personel.
  • Consolidated on January 1, 1781 with the 2nd Rhode Island Regiment and redesignated as the Rhode Island Regiment, also relieved from the Eastern Department and assigned to the New Hampshire Brigade, an element of the Main Continental Army.
  • Relieved on June 18, 1781 from the New Hampshire Brigade and assigned to the 2nd Connecticut Brigade, an element of the Main Continental Army.
  • Relived on August 28, 1781 from the 2nd Connecticut Brigade and assigned to Hazen's Brigade, an element of the Main Continental Army.
  • Relived on September 24, 1781 from the Hazen's Brigade and assigned to New Jersey Brigade, an element of the Main Continental Army.
  • Relieved on December 22, 1781 from the New Jersey Brigade and assigned to the Middle Department.
  • Relieved on May 15, 1782 from the Middle Department and assigned to the Main Continental Army.
  • Assigned on August 29, 1782 to the 2nd Connecticut Brigade, an element of the Main Continental Army.
  • Relieved on October 28, 1782 from the 2nd Connecticut Brigade and assigned to the Northern Department.
  • Reorganized and redesignated on March 1, 1783 as the Rhode Island Battalion, to consist of 6 companies.
  • Reorganized on June 16, 1783 to consist of 2 companies.
  • Disbanded on December 25, 1783 at Saratoga , New York.

ENGAGEMENTS

UNIT HISTORY

The 1st Rhode Island Regiment also known as Varnum's Regiment was authorized on 6 May 1775 in the Rhode Island Army of Observation and was organized on May 8, 1775 under Colonel James Mitchell Varnum consisting of eight companies of volunteers from the counties of Kent and King of the colony of Rhode Island. It was adopted into the Continental Army on 14 June 1775 and then on 28 June it was re-organized to ten companies. On 28 July 1775 it was assigned to Greene's Brigade of the main Continental Army. On 1 January 1776 it was re-organized to eight companies and re-designated as the 9th Continental Regiment. The regiment would see action at the Battle of Bunker Hill.

The 1st Rhode Island Regiment was re-formed on 1 January 1777 when the 9th Continental Regiment of Hitchcock's Brigade was redesignated. It was relieved from this brigade on 13 January 1777 and assigned to the Highland's Department on 12 March 1777. It was then assigned to the Rhode Island Brigade on 10 July 1777. This brigade was relieved on 14 September 1777 from the Highland's Department and re-assigned to the main Continental Army. On 2 January 1778 the regiment was relieved from this brigade and assigned to the Eastern Department. During the spring of 1778 the regiment was re-organized as an all African-American volunteer (enlisted) regiment. On 1 January 1781 the regiment was consolidated with the 2nd Rhode Island Regiment and redesignated as the Rhode Island Regiment in the New Hampshire Brigade of the main Continental Army.

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